KY-024 Linear Magnetic Hall Effect Sensor Module has three main components on its circuit board. First, the sensor unit at the front of the module which measures the area physically and sends an analog signal to the second unit, the amplifier. The amplifier amplifies the signal, according to the resistant value of the potentiometer, and sends the signal to the analog output of the module. The third component is a comparator which switches the digital out and the LED if the signal falls under a specific value. You can control the sensitivity by adjusting the potentiometer. The signal will be inverted; that means that if you measure a high value, it is shown as a low voltage value at the analog output.
Sensor has two outputs: Analog Output and Digital Output. Analog output shows direct measurement of the sensor unit, and the digital output prints the signal if the magnetic field is detected by the sensor.